This video explores polydrug use with diverted medicines & illicit drugs among powerlifters and other steroid-using cultures in South-West England, presenting findings from my recent paper for the journal Performance Enhancement and Health, ‘Polydrug Use and Drug Market Intersections Within Powerlifting Cultures in Remote South-West England’ [part 1/2].
This presentation offers in-depth findings and analysis relating to cultural use of polydrugs with steroids among powerlifters & their narratives surrounding this use, and perceptions of the drug-using behaviours of other steroid & IPED users, to inform understanding of risk and harm in these populations, and help direct harm reduction policy efforts.
This exploration starts with an examination of powerlifters’ perceptions of alcohol, and how they frame ‘use’ versus ‘abuse’ of this drug, looking at abstinence to avoid potential polypharmic harms, as well as their attitude towards night-time economy oriented steroid users (‘lad culture’ / ‘YOLO trainers’), who mixed steroids and fat burners with binge drinking and cocaine, and who were strongly condemned by powerlifters.
This is followed by exploration of the various polydrugs that powerlifters commonly used, and their explanations and narratives regarding how they defined ‘acceptable’ use versus ‘abuse’, based on drugs’ perceived utility as training aids, and other factors. This exploration looks at, in turn, powerlifters’ use of: over-the-counter stimulants (ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, DMAA); diverted prescription stimulants (methylphenidate, dexamfetamine); benzodiazepines (diazepam & alprazolam); opioids / opiates (codeine, oxycodone, morphine sulphate); and finally cannabis (weed).
Following this, the presentation discusses the most ‘high risk’ behaviours observed for this culture, and makes harm reduction recommendations based on these insights, before exploring factors influencing findings, and contrasting policy targeting powerlifters’ high-risk behaviours with the policy needs of other steroid and polydrug using cultures, whose needs differ.

This is a presentation of findings from a research paper published by Performance Enhancement and Health, which can be found here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.peh.2021.100186
. Copyright for the article belongs to Elsevier (this presentation was made in accordance with their standards for author reuse).

source

Top 3 Reasons You Need a T-Break

Top 3 Reasons You Need a T-Break

[ad_1] Before we get into the reasons you should do a t-break, let’s break down this innovative stoner development.In a world of self indulgence it’s a rare thing for us to separate ourselves from the things we love.If we like a show we binge it. If we like a snack,...

What You Need to Know

What You Need to Know

[ad_1] As of March 2022, 37 states and 4 territories had legalized medicinal cannabis while 18 had legalized recreational marijuana. With this, one would be forgiven for assuming that it is perfectly okay to gallivant between states carrying your cannabis with you....

These men of God say weed is not ‘the Devil’s lettuce’

These men of God say weed is not ‘the Devil’s lettuce’

[ad_1] A priest, a pastor, and a rabbi walk into a dispensary—no joke, those old stigmas about weed and religion are going up in smoke With legal cannabis businesses opening across the states, many Americans are re-thinking past stigmas about the plant. As Easter...

Can You Be Allergic to Weed? Top 3 Ways to Know

Can You Be Allergic to Weed? Top 3 Ways to Know

[ad_1] Am I allergic to weed?Can you be allergic to weed? Yes… Unfortunately, you may be one of the 10% of people who consume cannabis and have a weed allergy.Most people don’t put two and two together. But, just like any other plant or food, many people carry an...

Is Too Much Sleeping Harmful

Is Too Much Sleeping Harmful

[ad_1] A good night’s sleep is necessary for healthy health. Oversleeping, on the other hand, has been related to a slew of health issues, including diabetes, heart disease, and an increased chance of mortality. However, two additional characteristics, sadness and...

What is Delta (9) and Why is it Beneficial?

What is Delta (9) and Why is it Beneficial?

[ad_1] Delta (9) is a cannabinoid that has been found in cannabis plants. This compound acts on the endocannabinoid system, which keeps our bodies healthy by regulating many bodily functions such as pain response, mood, appetite, sleep, memory, metabolism,...